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Alexandrite Gemstone Natural Alexandrite Stone


If you inherited a large alexandrite stone, get it tested because it may be a synthetic stone. Making alexandrite change color from green to red is the world’s most fun use of a penlight. Alexandrite from the Ural Mountains in Russia can be green by daylight and red by incandescent light. Other varieties of alexandrite may be yellowish or pink in daylight and a columbine or raspberry red by incandescent light.

The mines in the Ural region of Russia no longer produce large amounts of gem-quality alexandrite. The Hematita mine is known for the finest alexandrite, but today there are very few high quality alexandrites from Hematita on the market. A new owner has taken over the old Hematita mine and no one knows how much more the deposit can produce. Synthetic alexandrite composed of chrysoberyl has been around since the 1960s.


The fascinating history and lore make the alexandrite stone one of the most desired on the market. Find out how to assess alexandrite by first learning all the basics. In appearance, rough unpolished Alexandrite is gritty and opaque.

Are there any other gemstones which change color?

Alexandrite engagement rings present an engagement ring shopping experience, unlike any other engagement ring style available on the market. Alexandrite is a precious colored gemstone that exhibits a phenomenon calledcolor changeand is one of the rare stones from the chrysoberyl family. The color of the alexandrite changes depending on the light source it is exposed to, making it a remarkable stone for your engagement ring. Alexandrite always has an exciting color to showcase when it absorbs the light, from soft plum violets to grays, purples to luscious emerald green shades. GIA describes Alexandrite as «emerald by day, ruby by night.»

While the color change is not as dramatic as some of the finer Russian alexandrite, it is can still be very pronounced. Some gemstones falsely described as lab-grown synthetic alexandrite are actually corundum laced with trace elements (e.g., vanadium) or color-change spinel and are not actually chrysoberyl. As a result, they would be more accurately described as simulated alexandrite rather than «synthetic».

Consider obtaining a gem report to reveal a stone’s true origins before spending a large amount of money on alexandrite that’s advertised as natural. Alexandrite is rated at 8.5 on the Mohs scale, between diamond at 10 and corundum at 9. Most desirable alexandrite is transparent but may have inclusions that appear under magnification as small spots or fine threads. Less desirable alexandrite found today may be translucent or opaque. Please accept my sincerest appreciation for the honesty and integrity that you demonstrated in working with my wife on this sale. I have never owned a quality piece of jewelry such as this — fit and finish are amazing.

Gems from areas in Brazil exhibit better color changes than stones from other areas and are in most demand, but their colors differ somewhat from the Russian gems. Without gemological tests, the stones can be distinguished from alexandrites by the needle like inclusions that are common in them or by the way the stones change color according to the time of day. Although they look like alexandrites, these Bekily garnets will appear red in the afternoon while the alexandrites remain green. Garnets from other parts of East Africa also change color but as they normally change from brown or orange to red, they don´t look much like alexandrite. Multicolour Gems offers a wide selection of fine natural chrysoberyl gems, including alexandrites and cat´s eye among many other rare collector gemstones.

Translucent yellowish chatoyant chrysoberyl is called cymophane or cat’s eye. Cymophane has its derivation also from the Greek words meaning ‘wave’ and ‘appearance’, in reference to the haziness that visually distorts what would normally be viewed as a well defined surface of a cabochon. In this variety, microscopic tubelike cavities or needle-like inclusions of rutile occur in an orientation parallel to the c-axis, producing a chatoyant effect visible as a single ray of light passing across the crystal. This effect is best seen in gemstones cut in cabochon form perpendicular to the c-axis. The color in yellow chrysoberyl is due to Fe3+ impurities. The alexandrite variety displays a color change dependent upon the nature of ambient lighting.

The year alexandrite was discovered in Russia’s Ural Mountains. An interesting feature of its crystals are the cyclic twins called trillings. These twinned crystals have a hexagonal appearance, but are the result of a triplet of twins with each «twin» oriented at 120° to its neighbors and taking up 120° of the cyclic trilling. If only two of the three possible twin orientations are present, a «V»-shaped twin results.

The remnant magma thus becomes richer in water, and also in rare elements that similarly do not fit in the crystal structures of major rock-forming minerals. The water extends the temperature range downwards before the magma becomes completely solid, allowing concentration of rare elements to proceed so far that they produce their own distinctive minerals. The high water content of the magma made it possible for the crystals to grow quickly, so pegmatite crystals are often quite large, which increases the likelihood of gem specimens forming. Most gemological laboratories only identify gemstones, they do not appraise them. Although the daylight colors are usually somewhat muddy, they can be very red under incandescent light and do look similar to some of the alexandrites from the same country.

Quality Factors

Luxurious Natural Alexandrite Ring — Whopping 1.83ctw! Citrine Citrine is the transparent, pale yellow to brownish orange variety of quartz. Notches marking the edge of each crystal are called re-entrant angles. Brazil is one of the most important alexandrite sources.

  • Hence, it can be found in mica schists and in contact with metamorphic deposits of dolomitic marble.
  • A large portion of the very limited supply received from the Brazilian mines are under 0.25ct.
  • Some gemstones falsely described as lab-grown synthetic alexandrite are actually corundum laced with trace elements (e.g., vanadium) or color-change spinel and are not actually chrysoberyl.
  • If you inherited a large alexandrite stone, get it tested because it may be a synthetic stone.
  • Multicolour Gems offers a wide selection of fine natural chrysoberyl gems, including alexandrites and cat´s eye among many other rare collector gemstones.
  • Less-desirable stones may have daylight colors of yellowish-green and incandescent colors of brownish red.

Chrysoberyl is the third-hardest frequently encountered natural gemstone and lies at 8.5 on the Mohs scale of mineral hardness, between corundum and topaz . However, it is the color change garnets especially the ones from Bekily in Madagascar that most resemble alexandrite. The stones are actually a mixture of pyrope and spessartite and can show several colors depending on the light source. Size is another important factor since alexandrite stones in larger karat sizes are extremely rare, making them more in demand. Clarity and transparency are often overlooked so long as the stone is large and exhibits an impressive color change. This rare and expensive gemstone is hard to find in your everyday jewelry store, despite being named the official birthstone of June.

Brazilian Alexandrite

Free & fully insured shipping on all online purchases. Top-quality natural Alexandrite can cost more than $30,000 per carat. In 1831 Izumrudnye Kopi on the river Tokovaya were open by Yakov Kokovin, Director of the Ekaterinburg Lapidary Works and in 1833 the first alexandrite in the world was found in the mica schists of the Tokovaya river. The Spruce Crafts is part of the Dotdash Meredith publishing family. Vintage Sophistication 0.94ctw Natural Alexandrite & Diamond Engagement and Anniversary Ring in 18k Two Tone…


A genuine piece of alexandrite jewelry is an incredible addition to any collection. With a hardness of 8.5, alexandrite is a stone suited to everyday wear; only diamond, ruby, and sapphire are harder. Because of its long-lasting nature and extreme rarity, alexandrite is an exceptional choice for an engagement ring or legacy piece.

Gemological Institute of America Gemological Association of Great Britain A good appraisal takes time, expertise and a lot of experience especially with alexandrite. Your best choice is a professional appraiser from a major appraisal organizations, with standards of education and codes of ethics. David Wein offers classic and contemporary fine alexandrite jewelry from one-off pieces to statement cocktail rings as well as a custom alexandrite jewelry service. The color-change quality in alexandrite is due to trace amounts of chromium.

Often described by gem aficionados as “emerald by day, ruby by night,” alexandrite is the very rare color-change variety of the mineral chrysoberyl. Originally discovered in Russia’s Ural Mountains in the 1830s, it’s now found in Sri Lanka, East Africa, and Brazil, but fine material is exceptionally rare and valuable. The mineral or gemstone chrysoberyl is an aluminate of beryllium with the formula BeAl2O4. The name chrysoberyl is derived from the Greek words χρυσός chrysos and βήρυλλος beryllos, meaning «a gold-white spar». Despite the similarity of their names, chrysoberyl and beryl are two completely different gemstones, although they both contain beryllium.

This color change is independent of any change of hue with viewing direction through the crystal that would arise from pleochroism. Not only does alexandrite change colors, but in extremely rare cases it can also exhibit chatoyancy or the cat’s-eye effect. This is when a white line shines down the center of the gemstone and moves around as the stone moves under a light source. For centuries, Russia remained the only source of alexandrite until deposits were discovered in Sri Lanka. Sri Lankan alexandrite appears green in daylight but more of a brownish red than plum red in incandescent light. With the discovery of alexandrite in 1997, Brazil has become a significant source of alexandrite on the market.

Interesting Alexandrite Facts & History

This gem provides dramatic proof of how much the light source affects color in gems. Some gemstones have synthetic counterparts that have essentially the same chemical, physical, and optical properties, but are grown by man in a laboratory. Nordenskiöld’s https://cryptolisting.org/ initial discovery occurred as a result of an examination of a newly found mineral sample he had received from Perovskii, which he identified as emerald at first. However, recent research suggests that the stone was discovered by Yakov Kokovin.


British VOGUE is called a Fashion Bible since it is known as a top-tier magazine and leading source for high society, high fashion, and iconic brands. This delicate jewelry piece from our new collection is a sight to behold. There are a number of processes used to alter the color, apparent clarity, or improve the durability of gems. Alexandrite is a birthstone for June, along with pearl and moonstone. Alexandrite is also the gem for the 55th wedding anniversary. This alexandrite specimen is made up of three interpenetrant crystals.

I am highly pleased on the deal transaction you did and all of the pieces. Also thank your designer on creating such stunning pieces! You have converted us to being lifetime buyers of What is Alexandrite for our family. Fine alexandrite is green to bluish green in daylight and red to purplish red in incandescent light. Most large scale alexandrite gemstones are found in antique Russian period pieces from the Victorian era.Victorian jewelry from England also featured alexandrite gemstones, but they were usually much smaller.

Her businesses, Ageless Heirlooms and Heirlooms at Home, focus on antiques. Lauren has also studied at the Gemological Institute of America. Jewelry created from Russian alexandrite is sometimes sold at estate auctions and typically fetches a high price.

Alexandrite selectively absorbs most colors of light and transmits very strongly in the green and red wavelengths. In daylight , strong in blue and green light, it appears green. When viewed under incandescent light alexandrite transmits the strong reds produced by that kind of light. The more pronounced the change from green to red, the rarer and more valuable the gemstone.

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